Garden leave or no garden leave?

When an employer decides to make an employee redundant, the question often arises of whether or not the employee should be released from the obligation to work, or what the English-speaking world calls ‘garden-leave’. In some sectors (particularly banking and finance), garden leave has become the rule in Switzerland. Garden-leave is also increasingly the subject […]

The internship or traineeship contract: should it be paid or not?

As the end of the school and university year approaches, many people are looking for summer internship or internship lasting several months to gain knowledge and experience. But what is the status of these internship and of the internship contract from the point of view of employment law? Should they be paid or not? A […]

Federal Court ruling of 30 August 2023 on the closure of companies during the COVID-19 pandemic and employer’s liability: legal value of SECO recommendations, directives and FAQs.

The Federal Court’s ruling of 30 August 2023 (4A_53/2023) has already caused a stir and has been the subject of numerous comments by Swiss authors and lawyers. In this ruling, the Federal Court defines for the first time the notion of economic risk to be borne by the employer. It considers that the company closures […]

Older workers in Switzerland and protection against dismissal

A decision of the Swiss Federal Supreme Court rendered on 15 May 2023 (4A_117/2023) provides an opportunity to revisit the issue of the protection of older workers against dismissal under Swiss law. This issue has been the subject of a number of court decisions, which might suggest that it is no longer possible to dismiss […]


As the summer holidays approach, it is worth considering the issue of holidays and especially holidaypay, which can be a real headache for employers and HR managers. According to Article 329d paragraph 1 CO, “the employer shall pay the employee the full salary for theholidays and a fair indemnity to compensate for the salary in […]

The recent newspaper articles mentioning that many apprentices “drop out during their apprenticeship” and “break” their contract before the end of the term are an opportunity to come back to this particular employment contract in Swiss law and to give a brief reminder to both employers and apprentices.

The apprenticeship contract has the particularity of being governed by both private and public law provisions. As regards public law provisions, at federal level, the apprenticeship contract is governed by the Federal Law on Vocational Training (LFPR) and its implementing ordinance (OFPr) The LFPR recalls that “vocational training is the joint task of the Confederation, […]


A decision of the Federal Court of March 22, 2022 (ATF 4A_548/2021) is an opportunity to remind that the place of jurisdiction in matters of labor law, i.e. the place where the employee may file a claim against his employer (and vice versa), is not necessarily the place mentioned in the employment contract or the […]